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Abstract Detail



Developmental and Structural Section

Keel , Benjamin Scott [1], Seago, James [1].

Structural Traits of the Spider Plant, Chlorophytum comosum.

Sections of roots, stems, stolons, and pedicels of Chlorophytum comosum, a popular houseplant from South Africa, were stained with berberine, toluidine blue O, phloroglucinol, Sudan red 7B, and fluorol yellow and examined under the Zeiss Confocal LSM700 Laser Microscope in order to determine their anatomical structures. We examined the organs of the plants not only in their aerial conditions, but also in water as we transitioned the plants to soil. Root structures identified were epidermis, unicellular root hairs, cortex, endodermis, pericycle, phloem, xylem, and pith. The number of xylem and phloem poles in roots remains constant from aerial to soil. Stolon structures were epidermis with cuticle, guard cells, ground tissue, sclerenchyma cells, and vascular bundles with xylem and phloem. Stems grown in water had an endodermis, along with typical epidermis, ground tissues, and vascular tissue, while stems in air or soil lacked endodermis, as did the pedicels. Generally, roots and stems had structural characteristics typical of monocots and the family, Asparagaceae.


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1 - SUNY at Oswego, Department of Biological Sciences, NY 104 West, Oswego, NY, 13126, USA

Keywords:
Chlorophytum comosum
anatomy
Roots
Shoots.

Presentation Type: Oral Paper:Papers for Sections
Session: 20
Location: Pines North/Boise Centre
Date: Tuesday, July 29th, 2014
Time: 8:15 AM
Number: 20001
Abstract ID:467
Candidate for Awards:None


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